Frequently Asked Questions about NIOS Board from SS coaching Lucknow page 3
NIOS or National Institute of Open Schooling follows learner centric approach of teaching through distance education. It offers a wide range of subjects in comparison to any other formal and regular institution. The failed students from other boards are independent to choose subject combination as per their desires and interest. Failed students or distance learners are also given the facility to come and learn in our coaching on all weekdays except Sundays. There is a provision of credit accumulation. The registration of the student is valid for the duration of five years.
The Distribution of marks in various subjects of secondary(10th) and senior secondary(12th) of Group A And Group B. Most of the subjects carry full 100 marks while others are devided into seperate theory and practical marks. Subjects are given different ratio of practical and theory marks so that the students gets the overall command for that perticular subject which can only be achieved by proper distributon of exam marks for theory and practicals.
Distance education is approached in various ways, with the more popular formats being print, audio, video, broadcast radio, television, and of course computers and the Internet. It is characterised by separation of geographic distance and time. Open learning is defined as an method of learning that allows learners pliancy and choice over what, when, at what pace, where, and how they learn. Open learning tends to be delivered via distance education that is characterised by separation of geographic distance and time.
NIOS board is the most considerate board among all the other boards in world. Its main purpose to come in to existance is “sarva shiksha abhiyan” which means education for all. The NIOS board main motive was to increse the literacy rate by giving an opportunity to the school dropouts so that they can continue their studies from home .The NIOS has therefore intentionally not kept any criteria for age so that more and more dropout students start pursuing their education again.This has drastically increased the literacy rate in India.
The origin of ODL in India can be traced back to the correspondence course of Class X level commonly referred to as matriculation level at that time .This type of of correspondence course was commonly referred to as private high school course at that time as the candidate would not attend regular class and yet appear for board exam as a private student. The ODl pattern at school level was started by board of secondary education ,Madhya Pradesh and was later followed by other secondary level states board like Rajasthan ,Uttar Pradesh and Orissa.
NIOS board is the most considerate board among all the other boards in world. Its main purpose to come in to existence is “sarva shiksha abhiyan” which means education for all. The NIOS board main motive was to increase the literacy rate by giving an opportunity to the school dropouts so that they can continue their studies from home.
Nearly 80 per cent of the students at NIOS belong to the general category comprising the rural and the urban youth. About 20 per cent of the students enrolled belong to scheduled castes and tribes, which is close to the percentage of seats officially reserved for them. It goes to the credit of NIOS that it attracts a reasonable percentage of students from these two categories, as the percentage participation of these two categories of students in other educational institutions in the country remains a sore issue in the context of equity in the national provision for education.
The president of NIOS is The Union Minister of Human Resource Development society which is constantly closely monitoring and giving appropriate directions to fulfill its mission and objectives .The NIOS board is the executive board that prepares the policies and does all the work at operational level. The Chairman of NIOS is the Chairman of the Executive Board that comprises NIOS Departmental Heads, nominees of the Union Ministry of Human Resource Development and specialists in distance education, development and education for women, industry, media, vocational education and technical education.
A public elementary/secondary school providing instruction and education services that does not focus primarily on special education, vocational/technical education, or alternative education, or on any of the particular themes. Children can complete 10th and 12th through NIOS and they are equally qualified to take up College degrees. Whereas in REGULAR SCHOOLING the kids are not bounded by any kind of crisis or disabilty and so they are go through regular attendance procedures.
NIOS board has done wonders for the students who have enrolled in its vocational courses by providing them livelihood. There are a lot of success stories of students in records of the NIOS which provide evidence for their utility in providing livelihood, promoting productivity and effecting development.
Virtual Open Schooling can be defined as an educational practice that provides opportunity to learners to study a formal school-based course online and gain credit for certification purpose. The courses are based on existing Open Educational Resources, and are built around a learning management system with content stored on online data centres. Digital media integration would facilitate effectiveness of curriculum. Synchronous and asynchronous technologies would facilitate interaction - with students, with teachers, and with course content.
In india NIOS is best option as an alternative to regular schooling because at times its not possible for masses who want to acquire education to study regularly because of their different kind disability and crisis. On the other hand nios education system does not have any time boundations so that students can also work part time. Or student who cannot attend the classes can study from their homes. One reason for this is, we suggest, because in India distance education is so accepted as an alternative route to educational qualifications that it is actually the first choice route for many who wish to study at the same time as they work or are confined to the home.
The Open Basic Education programme is operated and implemented by National Institute of Open Schooling (NIOS) with a goal of providing primary and upper primary level education through open schooling to those who are not able to go to a formal school or have dropped out of school. The Open Basic Education programme is recognised by the Government of India as equivalent education to the formal school for higher education and employment.
Presently more than 22 crore people of India are adolesent. Adolescents are girls and boys in the age group of 10-19 years. They are the future of our country and would be the leaders of future. Adolescence is the phase of opportunities and risks. Social environment greatly influences adolescent developming behavior. To create a nation of healthy and responsible citizens, it is crucial that the health and educational concerns of such young people are addressed seriously. Adolescents have Rights as well as Responsibilities. Adolescent health is crucial issue for the family and future generations.
The NIOS continued developmental activities in the Life Enrichment Programmes (LEPs) ,such as performing Arts (Music, Dance, Painting), Jeevan Vigyan, Paripurna Mahila (Empowered Women), Yog and Jan Swasthya (Public Health) Life Enrichment Programmes addresses the educational, social, cultural, and recreational urge of the under-represented and marginalized have potential to assist individuals in the community to enjoy leisure and recreational pursuits to elevate and strengthen skill development, promote self-esteem and build self-confidence.
In July 2002, NOS was upgraded to function as a national apex body for Open Schooling in the country. It was given a new name, the National Institute of Open Schooling (NIOS), and also a new mandate to provide relevant continuing education at school stage up to the pre-degree (secondary and senior secondary) level through the Open Distance Learning System as an alternative to the formal system and to prioritized client groups, in pursuance of the normative national policy documents and in response to the needs assessment of the clients
Sometimes a student studies a lot but he gets less marks in exam because he may not be aware of test taking strategies which tells him how to express his learning in best way in exam or reproduce his learning in a good way in exam to convince the checker to give you more marks. Exam taking tactics and strategies plays a vital role. The main factors for the success of student in exam are as follows which are briefly explained here to give you just the idea but each is explained with full detail on this website.
Being the Largest Open Schooling system in the World with more than five lakh learners enrolled into their education programme at Secondary, Senior Secondary and Vocational Courses still continues to grow in other parts of the country increasing number of students who pass with this board every year. NIOS has also Increased its number of study centers from a meagre 161 to huge network of more than 1500 study centers, enabling maximum reach including the remote areas and other rural villages.
To inspect the relative cost efficiency, cost effectiveness and cost-benefit of the open school model as compared to the conventional school model in terms of unit cost, private and opportunity cost, public cost, capital / non-recurring cost and recurring/operational cost. To inspect the nature and type of courses (academic/vocational) offered by the Open Schooling system and their linkage with higher learning and livelihood/productivity and development. To study the processes of the course development, learner support and learner assessment (both formative and summative assessment) systems used in the Open Schooling approach.
The NIOS, in collaboration with international organizations like COL and UNESCO, as well as at bilateral level, will strive for the promotion of open schooling in the developing countries through various modes such as advocacy, consultancy, training of functionaries, dissemination of information, workshops, conferences etc. The open schooling system with inbuilt flexibilities is going to be a major programme delivery mode of study up to pre-degree level. In India, we are at a crucial moment when a big thrust needs to be given to the open schooling system.